Supervision and Control in Engineering and Music"
Tradition und Moderne aus Japan
25. September 2001, 20.00
Kasseler Sparkasse Wolfsschlucht, Kassel, Germany
26. September 2001, 20.00
, Hamburg, Germany
In Kassel und Hamburg fand je ein Ensemblekonzert "Tradition und
aus Japan" statt. Das Ensemblekonzert hatte Kammermusik-Charakter, mit
Konzertdauer. Der erste Teil bis zur Pause enthielt traditionelle
Musik, der zweite Teil nach der Pause zeitgenössische japanische
(traditionelle japanische Instrumente mit Computer-Musik).
Die Ensemblekonzerte waren nicht Teil, aber Ableger des
Workshops "Human Supervision and Control in Engineering and Music".
Das Ensemblekonzert in Hamburg wurde in Zusammenarbeit mit dem Hamburger
Konservatorium (Prof. Eberhard Schmitz) veranstaltet.
Es spielten die Musiker (performing musicans):
Genzan Miyoshi Shakuhachi
Akiko Miyoshi Koto
Tamani Tano Sho
Yoichi Nagashima Computer
Traditional and Modern Music from Japan
Hyohjyoh no Choushi (Traditional piece in 7th century /composer:
"Hirajyo no Choshi" (Sho solo) - Traditional Gagaku
"Choushi" is a piece which exists for all modes of "gagaku"(the court
music in Japan since 7th century) , usually played at the beginning of a
performance." Hyojyo" is the mode which is the equivalent of Dorian species on
E (e f# g a b c# d ). According to ancient cosmology, "hyojyo" is
with the direction west, the color white, the element metal, and the season
autumn. The "choshi" introduces the characteristic of the mode to
and tune the tonal atmosphere of the whole space.
"Sho" is a wind
of the "gagaku" orchestra. The shape of the "sho" takes the image of a phoenix and
the tone symbolizes the light of heaven in a tradition. The special
of this instrument are the sound character and the sound generating system.
"Sho" makes a very rich, sound, the peak of frequency is over 60 kHz and
gives a fascinating sound character with complex overtones. On the other
the "sho" makes sound when both breathing in and out. It gives the sequence
of physical information to music. (Tono and Nagashima approach this
system into communicating with a multimedia performance. See "Breathing
Project" Site: www.breathingmedia.org ).
"Tsuru no Sugomori" (Shakuhachi solo) - composed 500
This piece was composed about 500 years ago, the name of the composer
There are many versions of arrangements in Japan, and the "Nakao Tozan"
will be performed. The theme is the whole life of the crane (Tsuru in
from birth of thecrane, growth with parents, departure of the
child, and death of the crane parents. This story is a metaphor of
love and love, of the family.
The Shakuhachi was intorduced to Japan from
more than 1400 years ago. It is said that Shotokutaishi played it for
first time. The particular sound produced from the five holes seduces
the foreigners, and there are some professional foreign players. This
a wonderful musical instrument to know Japanese culture and to keep our
This piece was composed by Yatsuhashi Kengyo, and using the traditional
tuning called "Hira-choshi". "Midare" belongs to the group
which have 52 beats per block. There are many Dan-mono pieces with 6
8 blocks, 9 blocks, etc, but this "Midare" specially breaks the
having free beats and blocks with the improvisation of the performer.
- "Midare" (Koto solo) - composed 350 years ago
the Nara Era(8th century), the Koto was brought from China as one of
instruments used in Gagaku. In the Edo Era, a remakable musician called
Yatsuhashi Kengyo (maestro) established the Rokudan and Midare styles
Koto playing, these styles are still the basis of Japanese Koto playing
until today. Incidentally, in the year Yatsuhashi died, Bach and Handel
This piece, for Shakuhachi and Koto Duo, was composed by Yamamoto
in 1966. There are three sections, and the whole tuning is based on D
This is a duo piece, but the Koto part may be performed as a Koto solo
There are many traditional techniques of performances, such as
Kakite in the Koto part.
Section 1 (Adagio - Moderato) starts with Koto solo and introduction
of this piece, then metamorphoses freely. Section 2 (Largo - Adagio)
with Shakuhachi solo using a specially diatonic scale, and continues to
part of the piece. This is different from Japanese traditional feeling,
but the character of the instruments enables the speciality. Section 3
(Moderato - Allegro) contains the same motif as the first
- "Ichikotsu" (Shakuhachi and Koto) - Traditional
This piece is composed and performed by the composer Yoichi Nagashima with a new
bio-sensor system produced by the composer. The sensor system, called
is a 16-channels EMG sensor for both arms detecting the musical
in real-time. The output information is live-processed and genarates
with Max/MSP and Kyma signal processing engines. The main theme of this
piece and development is improvisation and reality of life (live). The graphical
part of this piece helps the recognition between performance and sound, so
this is one style of multimedia art.
- "Bio-Cosmic Storm II" (BioSensor and live Computer) -
Visional Legend" is a work of live computer music and live graphics
a Sho performer, composed by Yoichi Nagashima. This composition is inspired with the poem written by
Shimpei Kusano and the Sho sounds performed by Tamami Tono. The Sho
is directly amplified and is real-time processed by a Kyma signal processing
with live control via MIDI. The Sho performer may control the "special
breath sensor for SHO" produced by the composer, and the sensing
also modifies the live Sho sound part.
- "Visional Legend" (Sho, Graphics and live Computer)
The background sound part is
with Kyma and Indy, and fixed to CD. All sound materials of this part
Sho sound performed by Tamami Tono and reading speech of the poem by
Sasaki (Baritone). The graphical part of this piece is created by two
young collaborators, Masumi Ooyama and Misaki Kato. The source images
movies are live controlled with Image/ine software. The Sho performer
switch the graphics with the special Sho sensor. The algorithm of
composition and graphical control is realized as a MAX patch. The Sho
is described in this score, but the most important policy is the
The performer may have a Stop Watch to detect the position of the piece
with this score, but playing points are not fixed exactly. She may
with the improvisation spirit of her own, and she must listen to the
in the whole performance.
This piece, Shakuhachi sole, is composed and performed by Genzan
as the world premiere. This music tells the calm feeling of Kyoto in
and will be performed partly with improvisation of the performer.
- "Getsuro" (Shakuhachi solo) - premiere
This piece "tegoto" was composed by Yoichi Nagashima for Akiko Miyoshi and was performed by her with
Koto and 17-strings Koto. This version for only 13-strings Koto is the
revised version of this, and will be premiered. There are no "recorded"
so all sounds are played and processed in real-time. Some
are live-sampled by the composer beside the stage, algorithmically
in the time-domain, and effected. The title "tegoto" means one style of
traditional music with Koto, Shamisen, and Shakuhachi. The concept of
piece is the virtual "tegoto" conversation in computer music with
instrument. Under the composer's request, the performer may play with full improvisation.
- "tegoto" (Koto and live Computer) - premiere
This piece is specially composed by Yoichi Nagashima for this ensemble's concert tour in
There are some special scenes for Shakuhachi, Sho and Koto performer.
computer part is not fixed, and it is real-time composed with environmental
detected by sensors. Germanium is a kind of semiconductor, and its
is the basis of the electronics technology. Of course, this naming means the
friendship between Japanese culture and German culture in music.
- "Japanesque Germanium" (all 4 players) - premiere